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  • Climate change may hurt animals’ ability to live on toxic plants

    Climate change may hurt animals’ ability to live on toxic plants

    University of Utah lab experiments found that when temperatures get warmer, woodrats suffer a reduced ability to live on their normal diet of toxic creosote – suggesting that global warming may hurt plant-eating animals. “This study adds to our understanding of how climate change may ...
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  • Cancer-causing virus strikes genetically vulnerable horses

    Cancer-causing virus strikes genetically vulnerable horses

    Sarcoid skin tumors are the most common form of cancer in horses, but little is known about why the papillomavirus behind them strikes some horses and not others. A new study by an international research group led by scientists at the Baker Institute for Animal Health at Cornell’s College o...
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  • Control Program of Hydatid

    Control Program of Cystic Hydatid Disease (2013–2018) Cystic hydatid disease (hereinafter referred as CHD) in man is caused principally by infection with the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. It is an important pathogenic zoonotic parasitic infection (acquired from anima...
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  • The Reasonable Use of Antiparasite Druas for Animals

    The Reasonable Use of Antiparasite Drugs for Animals [Abstract] As the rapid development of scientific technology, especially the pharmaceutical industry, the kinds of antiparasite drugs increase rapidly. It’s of great importance to use antiparasite drugs reasonably. Currently, antiparasite drugs...
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  • Biological treatment for cow disease

    Biological treatment for cow disease

    A University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researcher and his colleagues are far more certain now that a new biological treatment could prevent dairy cattle from getting uterine diseases, which might improve food safety for people. That’s because Kwang Cheol “...
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  • What does a healthy ageing cat look like?

    What does a healthy ageing cat look like?

      The hair coat of older cats may take on a clumped and spiked appearance associated with a reduction in grooming activity.   Just as improved diet and medical care have resulted in increased life expectancy in humans, advances in nutrition and veterinary care have increased the life span of...
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  • Antihypertensive effect of fermented milk products under the microscope

    Over the past decade, interest has been rising in fermented dairy foods that promote health and could potentially prevent diseases such as hypertension (high blood pressure). Functional dairy products that lower blood pressure and heart rate may offer consumers an effective alternative to antihyp...
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  • Water buffalo genome unveiled

    Water buffalo genome unveiled

    This is “Olimpia da Farfengo” the female Mediterranean water buffalo that researchers sequenced. An international team of researchers led by the University of Adelaide has published the full genome of the water buffalo — opening the way for improved breeding and conservation of...
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  • Sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs

    Sheep are able to recognize human faces from photographs

    Sheep can be trained to recognise human faces from photographic portraits — and can even identify the picture of their handler without prior training — according to new research from scientists at the University of Cambridge. The study, published today in the journal Royal Society: O...
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  • When horses are in trouble they ask humans for help

    When horses are in trouble they ask humans for help

    Horse making demands: The horse a) lightly pushes and b) looks at the caretaker standing outside the paddock. Food is hidden inside one of the two silver buckets behind them. When horses cannot obtain this food by themselves, t hey give humans visual and tactile signals.   A new study has ...
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  • Infectious prion structure shines light on mad cow disease

    Infectious prion structure shines light on mad cow disease

    Groundbreaking research from the University of Alberta has identified the structure of the infectious prion protein, the cause of “mad cow disease” or BSE, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, which has long remained a mystery. The infectiou...
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  • Risk Factors for Uterine Disease in Dairy Cows

    Risk Factors for Uterine Disease in Dairy Cows

    Uterine diseases are highly prevalent in high-producing dairy cows. Metritis affects about 20% of lactating dairy cows, with the incidence ranging from 8% to >40% at some farms (Curtis et al. 1985; Galvão et al. 2009a; Goshen and Shpigel 2006; Hammon et al. 2006; Huzzey et al. 2007; Markusfeld...
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  • Sheep gene insights could help farmers breed healthier animals

    Sheep gene insights could help farmers breed healthier animals

    Fresh insights into the genetic code of sheep could aid breeding programmes to improve their health and productivity. Scientists have mapped which genes are turned on and off in the different tissues and organs in a sheep’s body. Their findings shed new light on the animal’s complex ...
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  • Some calves are inherently optimistic or pessimistic, just as humans are, a new University of British Columbia study has found.

    Some calves are inherently optimistic or pessimistic, just as humans are, a new University of British Columbia study has found.

    Recognizing these individual personality differences is important to ensure animals are treated well, says professor Marina von Keyserlingk, who led the research team from UBC’s animal welfare program in the faculty of land and food systems. “Sometimes we are tempted to see only the h...
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  • Why aren’t some dogs walked regularly?

    Why aren’t some dogs walked regularly?

    A new study from the University of Liverpool in collaboration with The University of Western Australia has examined why some people feel motivated to walk their dogs regularly and others don’t. There are more than 8 million dogs in households across the UK. Unfortunately not all of them ar...
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  • Scientists work to develop heat-resistant ‘cow of the future’

    Scientists work to develop heat-resistant ‘cow of the future’

    University of Florida scientists are working to breed the “cow of the future” by studying the more heat-tolerant Brangus cow — a cross between an Angus and a Brahman. Raluca Mateescu, an associate professor in the UF/IFAS department of animal sciences, is part of a team of UF/I...
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  • Researchers discover new cattle disease and prevent it from spreading

    Researchers discover new cattle disease and prevent it from spreading

    Following genetic studies of deformed calves, research is able to uncover a previously unknown disease found among Holstein cattle. The breeding bull from which the mutation and thus the deformation originate has now been put down to prevent the disease from spreading further. Within Danish cattl...
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  • Rebreeding performance begins at calving time

    Rebreeding performance begins at calving time

    Rebreeding efficiency comes down to three key words: body condition score. Body condition score (BCS) is a numeric estimate of the amount of fat on the cow’s body. BCS ranges from 1 to 9; 1 is emaciated, while 9 is extremely obese. A change in a single BCS, 4 to 5 for example, is usually associa...
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  • Virus common among livestock depends on a micro-RNA to replicate

    Virus common among livestock depends on a micro-RNA to replicate

    In the ongoing arms race between pathogenic viruses and the cells they infect, each side needs every advantage it can get. One way wily viruses can get a leg up is by subverting the microRNAs (miRNAs) of their host. These miRNAs are small stretches of RNA made by host cells to regulate gene expre...
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  • Protecting pigs from PRRS during reproduction

    Protecting pigs from PRRS during reproduction

    In the words of Kansas State University researcher Raymond “Bob” Rowland, his latest work is helping to eradicate a devastating swine disease. The disease is caused by the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, or PRRS, virus. The virus costs the U.S. pork industry more than $...
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  • Overcoming immune suppression to fight against bovine leukemia

    Overcoming immune suppression to fight against bovine leukemia

    The anti-bovine PD-1 rat antibody (left) was found unstable in the cow’s body and had no antiviral effect. So, the research team formed a rat-bovine chimeric antibody (right) which successfully showed an antiviral effect. Bovine leukemia is a systemic, malignant lymphosarcoma in cows which...
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  • Mosquito preference for human vs animal biting has genetic basis

    Mosquito preference for human vs animal biting has genetic basis

      Mosquitoes are more likely to feed on cattle than on humans if they carry a specific chromosomal rearrangement in their genome. This reduces their odds of transmitting the malaria parasite, according to a University of California, Davis, study published Sept. 15 in the journal PLOS Gen...
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  • Lactation, weather found to predict milk quality in dairy cows

    Lactation, weather found to predict milk quality in dairy cows

    The quality of colostrum — the nutrient-rich milk newborn dairy calves first drink from their mothers — can be predicted by the mother’s previous lactation performance and weather, according to new research from the NH Agricultural Experiment Station at the University of New Ha...
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  • Liver Fluke Control in Beef Cattle

    Liver Fluke Control in Beef Cattle

    M.B. Irsik, Charles Courtney III, and Ed Richey The common liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) is recognized as one of the most damaging parasites in Florida cattle. The liver fluke is a problem in the Gulf Coast states and the Pacific Northwest; in Florida, most infected cattle are found grazing low...
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