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  • Turn up parasite control before spring turn out

    Turn up parasite control before spring turn out

    Spring turn out time is right around the corner for beef cattle producers. But, before you open the gate be sure parasite control is on your to-do list. “Don’t just talk about parasite control, do it,” advises Eldon Cole, University of Missouri Extension livestock specialist. Cole says monitorin...
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  • Common Cattle Diseases

    Common Cattle Diseases

    While it isn’t possible to cover the full range of animal diseases and conditions, it is useful to know something about the ones that are among the most common. If you think your livestock need treatment of any of the listed conditions or the animal just doesn’t seem right but you don’...
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  • Anaplasmosis

    Anaplasmosis

    Anaplasmosis is a vector-borne, infectious blood disease in cattle caused by the rickesttsial parasites Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma centrale. It occurs primarily in warm tropical and subtropical areas.  The disease is not contagious but is transmitted most commonly by ticks.  It can also be...
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  • Relax, For now, Covid-19 Doesn’t Afftect Livestock

    Relax, For now, Covid-19 Doesn’t Afftect Livestock

    Years back while in veterinary school, our public health professor of zoonosis warned us that failure to recognise diseases in wild and domestic animals that can be transmitted to humans is the greatest sin a vet can commit. The diseases are called zoonoses. He further told us that such diseases ...
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  • Herd immunity: Disease transmission from wildlife to livestock

    Summary: Scientists provide guidelines for minimizing the risk of spreading disease between elk and cattle in Southern Alberta.  Transmission of diseases from wildlife to livestock is a common threat in Alberta, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists. Foothills in the south...
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  • Responding to Covid-19 — A Once-in-a-Century Pandemic?

    In any crisis, leaders have two equally important responsibilities: solve the immediate problem and keep it from happening again. The Covid-19 pandemic is a case in point. We need to save lives now while also improving the way we respond to outbreaks in general. The first point is more pressing, ...
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  • Control Program of Hydatid

    Control Program of Cystic Hydatid Disease (2013–2018) Cystic hydatid disease (hereinafter referred as CHD) in man is caused principally by infection with the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. It is an important pathogenic zoonotic parasitic infection (acquired from anima...
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  • The Reasonable Use of Antiparasite Druas for Animals

    The Reasonable Use of Antiparasite Drugs for Animals [Abstract] As the rapid development of scientific technology, especially the pharmaceutical industry, the kinds of antiparasite drugs increase rapidly. It’s of great importance to use antiparasite drugs reasonably. Currently, antiparasite drugs...
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  • Sheep gene insights could help farmers breed healthier animals

    Sheep gene insights could help farmers breed healthier animals

    Fresh insights into the genetic code of sheep could aid breeding programmes to improve their health and productivity. Scientists have mapped which genes are turned on and off in the different tissues and organs in a sheep’s body. Their findings shed new light on the animal’s complex ...
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  • Why aren’t some dogs walked regularly?

    Why aren’t some dogs walked regularly?

    A new study from the University of Liverpool in collaboration with The University of Western Australia has examined why some people feel motivated to walk their dogs regularly and others don’t. There are more than 8 million dogs in households across the UK. Unfortunately not all of them ar...
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  • Researchers discover new cattle disease and prevent it from spreading

    Researchers discover new cattle disease and prevent it from spreading

    Following genetic studies of deformed calves, research is able to uncover a previously unknown disease found among Holstein cattle. The breeding bull from which the mutation and thus the deformation originate has now been put down to prevent the disease from spreading further. Within Danish cattl...
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  • Rebreeding performance begins at calving time

    Rebreeding performance begins at calving time

    Rebreeding efficiency comes down to three key words: body condition score. Body condition score (BCS) is a numeric estimate of the amount of fat on the cow’s body. BCS ranges from 1 to 9; 1 is emaciated, while 9 is extremely obese. A change in a single BCS, 4 to 5 for example, is usually associa...
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  • Protecting pigs from PRRS during reproduction

    Protecting pigs from PRRS during reproduction

    In the words of Kansas State University researcher Raymond “Bob” Rowland, his latest work is helping to eradicate a devastating swine disease. The disease is caused by the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, or PRRS, virus. The virus costs the U.S. pork industry more than $...
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  • Overcoming immune suppression to fight against bovine leukemia

    Overcoming immune suppression to fight against bovine leukemia

    The anti-bovine PD-1 rat antibody (left) was found unstable in the cow’s body and had no antiviral effect. So, the research team formed a rat-bovine chimeric antibody (right) which successfully showed an antiviral effect. Bovine leukemia is a systemic, malignant lymphosarcoma in cows which...
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  • Mosquito preference for human vs animal biting has genetic basis

    Mosquito preference for human vs animal biting has genetic basis

      Mosquitoes are more likely to feed on cattle than on humans if they carry a specific chromosomal rearrangement in their genome. This reduces their odds of transmitting the malaria parasite, according to a University of California, Davis, study published Sept. 15 in the journal PLOS Gen...
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  • Liver Fluke Control in Beef Cattle

    Liver Fluke Control in Beef Cattle

    M.B. Irsik, Charles Courtney III, and Ed Richey The common liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) is recognized as one of the most damaging parasites in Florida cattle. The liver fluke is a problem in the Gulf Coast states and the Pacific Northwest; in Florida, most infected cattle are found grazing low...
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  • How the smallest bacterial pathogens outwit host immune defenses by stealth mechanisms

    How the smallest bacterial pathogens outwit host immune defenses by stealth mechanisms

    Despite their relatively small genome, mycoplasmas can cause persistent and difficult-to-treat infections in humans and animals. A study has shown how mycoplasmas escape the immune response. Mycoplasmas ‘mask’ themselves: They use their small genome in a clever way and compensate for ...
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  • How blood-sucking insects find dark-coated cattle in the dark

    How blood-sucking insects find dark-coated cattle in the dark

    Last year, biologist Susanne Åkesson at Lund University in Sweden, together with researchers in Hungary, received the Ig Nobel Prize in Physics. The prize was awarded to them for their research showing that dark-coated horses suffer more from blood-sucking horseflies compared to their white coun...
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  • Horses get the flu, too

    Horses get the flu, too

    Flu vaccines for horses haven’t been updated in more than 25 years, but researchers have developed a new live equine influenza vaccine that’s safe and more protective than existing vaccines. Proactively preventing the spread of flu in animals is important, as animals are the most lik...
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  • Grazing horses on better pastures

    Grazing horses on better pastures

    Horses are grazing annual warm-season forages in St. Paul, Minnesota.   When you picture a horse, you may imagine it grazing contentedly in a grassy pasture. Grazing lets horses move around naturally outdoors and socialize with other horses. And grass is an easily available, nutritious feed...
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  • Getting a better handle on methane emissions from livestock

    Getting a better handle on methane emissions from livestock

    Cattle, swine and poultry contribute a hefty portion to the average American’s diet, but raising all this livestock comes at a cost to the environment: The industry produces a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Just how much gas the animals release, however, is the subject of debate. ...
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  • Gene therapy can cure lameness in horses, research finds

    Gene therapy can cure lameness in horses, research finds

    Injecting DNA into injured horse tendons and ligaments can cure lameness, new research involving scientists at Kazan Federal University, Moscow State Academy and The University of Nottingham has found. The gene therapy technology was used in horses that had gone lame due to injury and within two ...
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  • Environmentally friendly cattle production

    Environmentally friendly cattle production

    Three hundred years ago, enormous herds of bison, antelope and elk roamed North America, and the land was pristine and the water clean.   However, today when cattle congregate, they’re often cast as the poster animals for overgrazing, water pollution and an unsustainable industry. While som...
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  • Efficient technique discovered for isolating embryonic stem cells in cows

    Efficient technique discovered for isolating embryonic stem cells in cows

    Findings could advance cattle production, help study human disease For more than 35 years, scientists have tried to isolate embryonic stem cells in cows without much success. Under the right conditions, embryonic stem cells can grow indefinitely and make any other cell type or tissue, which has ...
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