It is a worldwide problem to deworm the internal and external parasites for cattle and goats. Parasite is a very serious disease not only on small and medium farms, but also on large-scale farms even with well-management and advanced equipment. So, it is a must to deworm for your animals. As we know, parasitic diseases usually don’t cause a significant death amount, so it is often overlooked by farmers. But in fact, the indirect loss caused by this disease accounts for a large part of farm economic benefits. It will affect your animal’s sale condition and health, stop their rapid fattening. Nowadays, veterinary science has made us very clear about the pathogens, life history, occurrence and infection rules of the main parasitic diseases in cattle and sheep. However, parasitic diseases have still not been under effective control on many farms. This is caused by lack of knowledge for these diseases, inappropriate medicines administration or imperfect prevention and control programme. It cannot reach an ideal breeding effect for goats and cattle unless you can reduce the losses caused by parasites to the minimum. So, the prevention and treatment of parasites must be carried out well.
9 Points for Deworming
1. Need to Be Targeted for Deworming
First you have to know clearly the parasite type you are deworming. You can tell the type by clinical symptoms and then act purposely. Cattle could be infected by many types of parasites and some common types are: roundworm, fasciola hepatica, tapeworm, cattle lice, cattle tick, barn itch, bovine eperythrozoon.
2. Correct Deworm Medicine for Beef Cattle
What are the correct deworming medicines for beef cattle?
* Correct Medicine: Only broad spectrum, high-efficiency, low-toxic deworming medicines can achieve to an ideal effect;
* Know well about medicine’s property, safety range, minimum poisoning dose, lethal dose and corresponding secure drugs;
* Common deworming medicines for beef cattle: ivermectin, levamisole hydrochloride, praziquantel, doramectin, eprinomectin. etc.
3. Correct Dosage and Estimation for Cattle B.W.
Dosage is based on accurate cattle B.W., which is very important for an ideal deworm effect and cattle safety. Insufficient dosage leads to insufficient effect, over dosage could cause cattle poisoned or death. So, the most accurate is to use an electronic scale if available. For normal farmers, they can get an estimated B.W. by experience through visual inspection.
Fangtong’s Dormectin (DORATONG)can solve the problem of inaccurate estimation of cattle B.W., its recommended dosage on packing is just the effective dosage, and the suggested maximum dosage should NOT exceed 1 time of the standard dosage. When not available to get an accurate B.W., you can take this as a reference for administration according to the indication on packing.
4. Preparing Rescue Medicines in Case Urgent Need.
It is unavoidable that some cattle could be poisoned caused by individual difference in drugs tolerance or by inaccurate b.w. estimation. So, it is necessary to prepare some rescue medicines in advance in case of urgent need. E.g.: The antidote for diazinon: atropine.
5. Use of Unfamiliar Deworm Medicines.
For unfamiliar deworm medicines, test it firstly on some cattle:
For large herd of cattle, deworming firstly on 1-2 representative cattle to test its effectiveness and security. Then proceed on for all other cattle. Blind action is prohibited.
6. Correct Administration and Full Dosage
It is necessary to administer the medicine correctly and ensure a full dosage:
* For internal parasite: Given orally or by injection.
Best to drench cattle one by one on empty stomachs in morning . For dosing with feed, you need mix the deworm medicines intensively with some refined feed and then feed cattle in turn to prevent poisoning in case intaking too much. Administration by injection to cattle should be done one by one, and make sure a full dose is injected into cattle body .
* For external parasite: Given by smearing or spraying drugs and cattle should be separated for administration. Smearing area should not exceed a quarter of a cattle body. And mucosal organs should be avoided.
7. Follow Up Closely After Administration
After administration, appoint one person to observe and report in case abnormal reaction. Usually poisoning occurs in 0.5-2 hours after administration. If any abnormality, it can be regarded as poisoning and rescue measures must be taken immediately according to severity.
8. Effect Guaranteed by Repeat Deworming
Deworming again in 1-2 weeks after the first time to guarantee an ideal, complete effect.
9. Combination of Prevention and Treatment
*Sanitizing environment and clearing away cow dung, keep drainage to eliminate breeding places for mosquitoes and flies.
* Regularly cleaning and disinfecting walls, floors, and troughs of the cowshed to kill worm eggs.
*Regularly deworming for cattle, usually one time per 4-6 months.
*Then make therapeutic deworming for the cattle severely damaged by parasites.
*Strengthen breeding management for beef cattle and improve cattle disease resistance.